Inside: Answering the question, “What is the difference between relaxed homeschooling and unschooling?”
When you first dip your toes into the homeschool world, you’ll quickly realize that there are these things called homeschool styles. It can be a little intimidating at first.
You have no idea who the heck Charlotte Mason is, didn’t even know unschooling was a word, and classical homeschooling sounds SOOO intimidating!
Eventually you find your tribe, the ones who understand your homeschool language and why you do what you do.
But one homeschool style you probably won’t hear much about is relaxed homeschooling, and that’s because it is the hardest homeschool style to actually define.
In fact, relaxed homeschooling is often not acknowledged as a legitimate homeschool style at all.
It’s time to change that.
There’s Not a Lot Out There for Relaxed Homeschoolers
Now, I’m far from an expert (in homeschooling or education), and while I may have a master’s degree in guidance counseling, that required all of one measly class in education (ED100).
The one thing I do have is a thirst for knowledge that is only filled by reading: lots and lots of reading.
When I first started homeschooling, I gobbled up everything I could get my hands on regarding homeschool philosophies, approaches, and styles in order to know the “why” behind my methods and my choices. I’m going on year four of homeschooling now and have finally planted my feet firmly in the relaxed homeschooling camp.
Funny thing is, very few people write about or both to define relaxed homeschooling at all. There are literally two books on the subject: TWO.
Given the sad lack of information and resources for relaxed homeschoolers or those interested in this homeschool style, I am attempting to explain and define relaxed homeschooling.
But Isn’t Relaxed Homeschooling The Same As Unschooling?
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The terms relaxed homeschooling and eclectic homeschooling are sometimes used interchangeably, but they are not always the same. Relaxed homeschoolers can lead toward a specific homeschool style (Charlotte Mason or classical, for example) and don’t always use a variety of approaches in their homeschool.
It is also possible for an eclectic homeschooler to be anything BUT relaxed. Variety does not a relaxed homeschooler make.
The most common misconception I come across about relaxed homeschooling is that it’s pretty much the same as unschooling.
Now, relaxed homeschoolers often draw inspiration and methods from the unschooling movement, and the two can look similar from the outside, but if you dig deeper, a single critical difference sets them [far] apart.
Relaxed Homeschooling versus Unschooling
When you consider how often you hear homeschoolers claim to love “unschooling”, it may come as a surprise that radical unschoolers scoff at this misunderstanding of their homeschool style. In fact, they created the term “radical unschooling” just to set themselves apart from others who use the term so loosely.
At the heart of the differences between unschooling and relaxed homeschooling is this question: who is in charge of the child’s education – the parent or the child?
Relaxed Homeschooling: The parent directs the child’s education.
In all of my reading, relaxed homeschooling parents always assume some level of control over their child’s education.
Some perceive it as a partnership between parent and child, but at the end of the day, the parent is the bottom-line decision maker, the one who plans, directs, and guides the child’s education.
Do relaxed homeschoolers take into account their child’s interests and learning styles? Absolutely.
Are they far more laid-back than their “school at home” counterparts? Yes.
Do they use unconventional and creative teaching methods? Probably.
But at the end of the day, the vast majority of relaxed homeschool parents believe that certain knowledge is essential, and they will not leave it up to chance that the child will see it the same way.
What knowledge is considered essential and what is not does vary from parent to parent.
One relaxed homeschooler may view elementary school science as essential, while another may consider it a waste of time (they reteach it all in high school, anyway). That parent probably sticks with nature studies and science documentaries and calls it a day.
One relaxed homeschooler may view certain “classics” as valuable and necessary, while another simply wants her child to love reading. Therefore, she probably won’t require reading the classic novel on all the book lists just because someone at some point in history decided to designate it a “classic”.
Ultimately, 99% of relaxed homeschoolers agree that there are things their child needs to know, things that are a critical part of his education. They just happen to rely far less on formal curriculum and traditional methods to help their child acquire that knowledge.
Unschooling: The child directs his own education.
In contrast to relaxed homeschoolers, unschooling parents place full trust in their child to determine what knowledge she does and doesn’t need.
Contrary to common perceptions of radical unschooling, unschooling parents do spend time teaching their children. If a child asks how to read, an unschooling parent will certainly teach him.
They also spend a lot of their time and energy exposing their children to the world and bringing home resources they think might pique their interest (a practice often referred to as “strewing”).
Just like relaxed homeschoolers, unschooling families frequent the library, take lots of field trips to zoos and museums and aquariums and historical monuments, and might even (gasp!) buy curriculum if it’s necessary to satisfy an interest or curiosity or answer an ongoing series of questions.
Unschoolers can sometimes put more hours into their child’s education than traditional homeschooolers (and sometimes spend more) because they work hard to answer their child’s questions in the moment and can spend a lot of time looking for the perfect resource to match her current interest.
Unschoolers have a “complete trust in their child’s ability to learn”. The parent serves as a resource, mentor, and guide, but at the end of the day, the child directs her own education every step of the way.
The Sliding Scale of Relaxed Homeschooling
You can think about relaxed homeschooling as a sliding scale, with one end of the scale being an unschooling approach and the other end being school at home approach.
There is a LOT of room for differences on that scale, as is the case with almost any homeschool style.
Few purists exist in the homeschool world.
Nearly every relaxed homeschooler I have come across in my research values interest-led learning and believes that children are hard-wired to learn. These are both core tenets of unschooling.
At the same time, I have yet to come across a relaxed homeschooler who does not determine the course of their child’s education (even if that’s not apparent to the child himself <wink>).
So…What is Relaxed Homeschooling?
Now we circle back to the original question I set out to answer: what exactly is relaxed homeschooling?
You can see why it’s so hard to answer that question.
Because this term is so broad and used so loosely, it’s impossible for every relaxed homeschooler to agree on a single definition. However, I did find one definition that resonated with me the most: “Relaxed homeschooling focuses on preparing a child to fulfill his unique purpose in life, not preparing a student for college or a job” (source).
I love this definition because it leaves room for each child’s education to be unique, for an education to include all kinds of learning, and to address the needs of the whole child (not just their minds).
But I don’t think that definition is complete. Using that definition as a starting point, I came up with my own working definition of relaxed homeschooling.
Relaxed Homeschooling Definition
Relaxed homeschooling uses a variety of educational methods, from the traditional to the creative, to transfer essential knowledge and skills to children, without concern for arbitrary benchmarks, timetables, or definitions.
Relaxed homeschooling uses anything and everything – yes, even doing ‘nothing’ at times – to preserve children’s natural desire to learn because being a life-long learner is a child’s greatest strength.
Finally, relaxed homeschooling gives children the tools they need to succeed in life – not just the academic world, the self-awareness to know what they can and want to achieve, and the passion they need to accomplish it.
So there you have it – my attempt to define relaxed homeschooling.